Tag Archives: Crop Progress

The mid September crop progress report from NASS shows a substantial jump in moisture ratings from last week’s cool rain event. There is also a notable increase in pasture and range conditions due to the moisture. Aside from that the corn and soybean crop remain relatively unchanged and still well ahead of schedule when compared to the 5 year averages in most categories.

Starting at the top of the report which is now corn in the dent stage where 89% of the country has reached. That is 7% ahead of the five year average. Nebraska has reached 94% dent stage, Kansas has reached 91% and Iowa corn has reached 90% dent stage. All of those well ahead of their respective five year averages.

Corn maturity is also well ahead nationwide at 41%. The five year average is 32%. Iowa and Nebraska almost double their corn maturity five year averages at 48% & 49% respectively. Kansas on the other hand actually fell 1 % behind it’s five year average for corn maturity to 49% mature.

With that much of the corn crop already mature harvest is getting underway in several states. As an aggregate the national corn harvest is considered 5% complete. Right on track with the five year average. Texas of course is the furthest along with corn harvest at 67% complete. Nebraska has harvested 4% of the state’s corn crop that is 3% ahead of the five year average. Kansas though is again behind in corn harvesting with only 8% of the crop picked, 3% behind the five year average.

As the case has been for the last several week’s corn condition in the country continues to decline. Nationwide the corn crop is rated 60% good to excellent. Down 1% from last week. Nebraska and Iowa also dropped 1% to 61% and 42% good to excellent. Kansas corn increased 1% to 54% good to excellent. Illinois not to be outdone by Kansas increased 2% in the corn condition to 72% good to excellent.

Now to the soybean crop where 37% of the nations crop has dropped leaves. That is 6% ahead of the five year average. As for Nebraska 61% of the soybean crop has dropped leaves. That is perfectly 20% ahead of Iowa who has dropped leaves on 41% of the soybean crop. Either way both states are double digits ahead of their five year averages. Kansas soybeans dropping leaves is now at 32% complete. That is ahead of the five year average of 19%.

Soybean condition like corn dropped this week across the country to 63% good to excellent. Down 2% from last week. Nebraska and Iowa soybeans though bucked the trend and increased 1% apiece to 64% and 48% good to excellent. Kansas soybeans remained unchanged on the week at 51% good to excellent. Illinois though outdid all these states again with their soybeans improving 3% to 71% good to excellent.

Poor mans corn or one of the hottest commodities currently for China is sorghum. 39% of the US sorghum crop has reached maturity. That is even with the five year average. In Nebraska sorghum maturity is 9% ahead of the five year average at 26%.

Sorghum condition seems to have more elasticity than corn or soybeans. Nationwide the sorghum crop is rated 52% good to excellent, up 3% from last week. Nebraska though saw a 14% increase in it’s sorghum condition rating to 71% good to excellent.

Last week’s rain helped to bring the pasture and range condition back around in Nebraska. Nebraska pasture and range improved from 25% good to excellent to 41% good to excellent this week. Kansas pasture and range remained unchanged week to week at 41% good to excellent.  Looking around the country West Virginia actually did nearly the opposite of Nebraska with their pasture and range condition falling 11% week to week at 67% good to excellent.

Topsoil and subsoil moisture both seem to benefit from last week’s moisture as well. Nebraska topsoil moisture improved 17% to 54% adequate to surplus. Kansas topsoil moisture improved 19% to 63% adequate to surplus. Subsoil moisture in Nebraska is now rated 47% adequate to surplus. An increase of 14% from last week. Kansas subsoil moisture improved 8% from last week to 60% adequate to surplus.

You can see the full report from NASS here:

https://downloads.usda.library.cornell.edu/usda-esmis/files/8336h188j/qr46rp789/2r36vm941/prog3820.pdf

Clay Patton breaks down the full report here:

 

 

As expected by much of the agriculture industry Monday’s crop progress report from NASS showed a significant drop in Iowa crop conditions following the derecho wind event. The report also showed winter wheat harvest almost complete across the country and the state with the best rates range condition is in New England.

The report starts off with corn entering into the dough stage, which 76% of the countries corn crop has reached. That is still keeping pace ahead of the 5 year average at 69%. Nebraska corn in the dough stage is set at 88%. That is 16% higher than the 5 year average. Iowa and Kansas corn were both rated to have reached 81% in the dough stage. 4% and 9% ahead of their respective 5 year averages.

Corn entering into the dent stage across the country is now at 23%. That more than doubles the amount of corn in the country from last week in the dent growth stage. Nebraska corn is 29% in the dent stage up from the 5 year average of 20%. Iowa corn in the dent stage is rated 26%. That is 7% higher than the 5 year average. Kansas corn in the dent stage is rated at 40%.

The number that many were wanting to see was the national corn condition and it fell 2% to 69% good to excellent. Iowa corn condition fell 10% to 59% good to excellent. The sharp drop in condition comes after the big winds last week that damaged to some extent as much as 14 million acres. Kansas corn actually improved 1% to 63% good to excellent. Nebraska corn fell 5% from last week to 73% good to excellent.

The soybean crop has essentially finished blooming at 96% across the country. Nebraska joins Louisiana and Michigan at 100% bloomed. Iowa soybeans have reached 97% bloomed and Kansas soybeans have reached 90%.

Soybean setting pods across the country is considered 84% complete. That is up 5% from the 5 year average. Iowa and Nebraska are both tied at 90% setting pods. Kansas soybeans have set pods on 73% of the crop.

The national soybean condition rating reverted back to what it was just a few week ago, 72% good to excellent. Like corn Iowa soybeans took a big hit falling 8% from last week to 62% good to excellent. Kansas soybeans dipped to 69% good to excellent. Nebraska soybean condition fell 5% week to week to 76% good to excellent.

Sorghum is almost completely headed out in Nebraska at 95%. That is actually the most headed out sorghum in the country. Texas is a close second at 91%. Nationally 83% of the sorghum crop has headed out.

The national sorghum condition fell 1% to 67% good to excellent. Nebraska sorghum is now rated 71% good to excellent. That is an increase of 7% from last week.

Winter wheat harvest is almost to the finish line across the country at 93% complete. That is still 3% behind the 5 year average. Idaho and Montana are the still the biggest stragglers with only 60% of the winter wheat corp harvested.

Oat harvest continues to roll along and is almost 2/3rds done across the country. Nebraska is just behind Texas with 98% of the oat crop harvested.

Pasture and range condition continues in mixed fashion across the country. Nebraska and Kansas range is considered 55% good to excellent. Vermont actually has the highest rating of pasture and range condition in the country at 92% good to excellent. Of large states Florida has one of the best range conditions at 79% good to excellent.

Topsoil moisture continues to gain in Kansas at 76% adequate to surplus. Nebraska top soil is trying to hold it’s own at 53% adequate to surplus.

Subsoil moisture is a similar story with Kansas at 75% adequate to surplus and Nebraska subsoil moisture at 58% adequate to surplus.

See the full crop progress report here: https://downloads.usda.library.cornell.edu/usda-esmis/files/8336h188j/zc77tc78q/bv73cn80z/prog3420.pdf

Clay Patton has an audio recap of the report here:

As August rolls on the corn and soybean condition ratings start to drift away from each other. Today’s report may be considered mute as severe thunderstorms moved across much of Iowa on Monday and farmers are reporting widespread wind damage to fields and farm infrastructure.

Corn silking is almost considered complete across the country at 97%. Still ahead of the 5 year average by 2%. Kansas is just off the national pace at 95%. Nebraska and Iowa corn are both considered 98% silked. Leaving them just a few percentage points ahead of their respective 5 year averages.

Corn entering the dough stage took a big jump from last week. Nationally corn in the dough stage is considered 59% across the country. That is 20% higher than last week’s rating. Iowa topped the nations jump with 22% to now 66% in the dough stage. Nebraska and Kansas both saw a considerable increase and are now 67% in the dough stage.

The August 10th report featured out first look at corn entering into the dent stage. The national corn crop is just behind the 5 year average at 11% dent. Kansas is one of the states farthest along in the dent stage at 26%. That is 6% ahead of the Kansas 5 year average. Nebraska corn is 14% in the dent stage. Almost doubling it’s 5 year average of 8%. Iowa corn has reached 9% in the dent stage. That is 2% ahead of the 5 year average.

As for corn condition a dropping Iowa number may have finally caught up to the nation with the national corn rating dropping 1% to 71% good to excellent. Iowa corn fell 4% last week to 69% good to excellent. After today’s storms that number may continue to decrease next week. Nebraska and Kansas corn each improved 1% to 78% and 62% good to excellent respectively. Illinois corn improved 3% to 79% good to excellent.

From corn to soybeans starting in the almost finished blooming stage. Across the country 92% of the soybean crop is considered in and past the bloom stage. That is keeping pace ahead of the 5 year average. Nebraska soybeans are almost to the finish line on blooming at 98%. Iowa soybeans in the bloom stage is rated 94%. That is 2% ahead of the 5 year average. Kansas soybeans are considered 81% in the bloom stage.

As for soybeans setting pods the national number according to NASS is 75%, 7% ahead of the 5 year national average. 81% of Nebraska soybeans have set pods, Kansas 64%, Iowa 83%. Most states are well ahead of their respective 5 year averages.

Soybean condition unlike corn actually improved across the country last week, up 1% to 74% good to excellent. This marks the second straight week of 1% improvement in the soybean condition. Iowa was again the lone wolf to see a 3% drop to 70% good to excellent. Illinois, Kansas, and Nebraska soybeans all improved 2% to 76%,68% and 79%  good to excellent respectively.

Small grain harvest like winter wheat and oats continue, but are quickly approaching the done mark. Winter wheat harvest across the country is considered 90% complete. Just behind the 5 year average of 93%. Nebraska is almost ready to join Kansas at the finish line at 98% complete. Northern states though continue to fall behind the 5 year average. Washington winter wheat harvest is 10% behind at 55% complete. Montana is 27% behind at 45% harvested.

Oat harvest across the country is considered 65% complete. That is just ahead of the 5 year average of 59%. Nebraska oat harvest is 95% and Iowa oat harvest is considered 94% complete.

Sorghum condition is still being tracked as harvest has not yet started. Nationally the sorghum crop is considered 58% good to excellent, up 3% from last week. Nebraska sorghum is rated 65% good to excellent, up 1%.

Possibly seeing the biggest weekly drop of condition ratings is the cotton crop. Nationally the cotton crop decreased 3% to 42% good to excellent. That is a far cry from last year’s cotton crop, which was rated 56% good to excellent.

Pasture and range saw mixed results week to week for Kansas and Nebraska. Kansas range improved 1% to 54% good to excellent. Nebraska range decreased 1% to 58% good to excellent.

After a healthy recharge of topsoil and subsoil moisture Kansas and Nebraska are starting to dry down. Nebraska topsoil decreased 3% to 60% adequate to surplus. Kansas topsoil dropped 5% to 76% adequate to surplus. Subsoil moisture in Nebraska is rated 60% adequate to surplus. That is a drop  of 4% from last week. Kansas topsoil moisture decreased 5% to 76% adequate to surplus.

Looking at the nation though three states stand out in short subsoil moisture. New Mexico is rated 90% short to very short subsoil moisture. California is rated 75% short to very short subsoil moisture. Oregon is rated 73% short to very short on subsoil moisture.

You can see the full report here: https://downloads.usda.library.cornell.edu/usda-esmis/files/8336h188j/ht24x6829/4q77gd714/prog3320.pdf

Clay Patton’s audio recap of the report: