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While the markets took a wild ride on Monday the NASS crop progress report looks fairly uneventful. Row crop harvest is getting started somewhat ahead of the five year average. That has been expected by many though given the early and swift planting that occurred. After big double digit increases in the soil moisture profile last week dry conditions have set back in and are slowly taking the soil moisture down.

In a full breakdown of the report we start with corn in the dent stage. It’s essientially complete across the country this week at 95%. That is up 6% from last week and still 5% ahead of the five year average. 97% of Nebraska corn is in the dent stage, 96% of Kansas corn is in the dent stage and 94% of Iowa corn is in the dent stage. All just a few points ahead of the five year average.

Corn maturity is also moving along swiftly with a nationwide rating of 59%. That is an 18% increase in the mature corn from a week ago. It’s also perfectly 10% ahead of the five year average. In the Midwest; 93% of the Nebraska corn crop is mature, 81% of the Kansas corn crop is mature and 66% of the Iowa corn crop is mature. All of these are ahead of their respective five year average, except Kansas which is 1% behind the five year average.

Corn harvest slowly moves along in the country up 3% nationwide from last week to 8% complete. Unlike the rest of the corn stages harvest is actually behind the five year average of 10%. Texas is by far the farthest along in corn harvest with 69% of the crop out of the field. Nebraska has 10% of the corn harvested. Iowa has 4% of the corn harvested. All these states are still ahead of their five year average. Kansas on the other hand has harvested 16% of their corn crop is 6% behind the five year average.

Finally with corn the overall condition of the crop remains little changed from last week. Nationwide the crop ticked up 1% to 61% good to excellent. Nebraska corn increased 3% to 63% good to excellent. Kansas corn remains unchanged week to week at 54% good to excellent. Iowa corn also remains unchanged week to week at 42% good to excellent.  Illinois corn follows the Nebraska plan with corn conditions rising 3% to 73% good to excellent.

Staying with row crops soybean dropping leaves is now considered 59% complete across the country. That helps it stay 9% ahead of the five year average. 82% of the Nebraska soybean crop has dropped leaves, 48% of the Kansas soybean crop has dropped leaves and 66% of the Iowa soybean crop has dropped leaves. All of these are well ahead of their five year average.

Soybean harvest is also now far enough along to be recognized by crop progress. Nationwide 6% of the soybean crop has been harvested. That is fully steady with the 5 year average. In Nebraska 10% of the soybean crop has been harvested. Iowa, 7% of the soybean crop has been harvested and in Kansas 2% of the soybean crop has been harvested. All of these are well ahead of the five year average of Kansas takes the cake doubling their five year average for soybean harvest.

Just as corn soybean condition rating is relatively unchanged week to week. Nationally the soybean crop is rated 63% good to excellent, unchanged week to week. Also remaining unchanged week to week is Illinois soybeans at 71% good to excellent and Iowa soybeans at 48% good to excellent.  Nebraska soybeans actually increased 2% week to week at 66% good to excellent. Kansas was one of the few states to see an actual decrease in soybean conditions with a drop of 6% to 45% good to excellent.

Now to sorghum. Sorghum maturity continues to be ahead of the  five year average with a national rating of 51% mature, 3% ahead of the five year average. Nebraska sorghum has reached 49% maturity. A solid 13% ahead of the five year average.

Sorghum harvest is starting to get underway. Nationwide 27% of the sorghum crop is out of the field. That is 2% behind the five year average. In Nebraska 2% of the sorghum crop is harvested. 1% behind the five year average.

Nationwide the sorghum crop is rated 51% good to excellent, down 1% from last week. In Nebraska the sorghum crop is rated 66% good to excellent. A sharp 6% decline from last week.

Winter wheat continues to go into the ground with 20% of the national crop planted. Just 1% ahead of five year average. Nebraska is well ahead of the Kansas at 40% planted. Kansas is 14% planted.

Winter wheat is also starting to emerge with 3% of the national crop above ground. 1% of the Kansas crop has emerged and 0% of the Nebraska crop has emerged.

After big gains last week pasture and range conditions fall this week. Kansas range condition fell 4% to 37% good to excellent. Nebraska pasture condition fell 1% to 40% good to excellent.

Soil moisture was also tightened this week due to dry conditions re-emerging. In Nebraska the topsoil rating dropped 6% to 48% adequate to surplus and the subsoil rating dropped 3% to 44% adequate to surplus. In Kansas topsoil moisture was unchanged week to week at 63% adequate to surplus, subsoil moisture actually increased 2% to 62% good to excellent.

You can see the USDA report here: https://downloads.usda.library.cornell.edu/usda-esmis/files/8336h188j/2227nd802/h415q0669/prog3920.pdf 

Clay Patton recaps the report here:

 

The mid September crop progress report from NASS shows a substantial jump in moisture ratings from last week’s cool rain event. There is also a notable increase in pasture and range conditions due to the moisture. Aside from that the corn and soybean crop remain relatively unchanged and still well ahead of schedule when compared to the 5 year averages in most categories.

Starting at the top of the report which is now corn in the dent stage where 89% of the country has reached. That is 7% ahead of the five year average. Nebraska has reached 94% dent stage, Kansas has reached 91% and Iowa corn has reached 90% dent stage. All of those well ahead of their respective five year averages.

Corn maturity is also well ahead nationwide at 41%. The five year average is 32%. Iowa and Nebraska almost double their corn maturity five year averages at 48% & 49% respectively. Kansas on the other hand actually fell 1 % behind it’s five year average for corn maturity to 49% mature.

With that much of the corn crop already mature harvest is getting underway in several states. As an aggregate the national corn harvest is considered 5% complete. Right on track with the five year average. Texas of course is the furthest along with corn harvest at 67% complete. Nebraska has harvested 4% of the state’s corn crop that is 3% ahead of the five year average. Kansas though is again behind in corn harvesting with only 8% of the crop picked, 3% behind the five year average.

As the case has been for the last several week’s corn condition in the country continues to decline. Nationwide the corn crop is rated 60% good to excellent. Down 1% from last week. Nebraska and Iowa also dropped 1% to 61% and 42% good to excellent. Kansas corn increased 1% to 54% good to excellent. Illinois not to be outdone by Kansas increased 2% in the corn condition to 72% good to excellent.

Now to the soybean crop where 37% of the nations crop has dropped leaves. That is 6% ahead of the five year average. As for Nebraska 61% of the soybean crop has dropped leaves. That is perfectly 20% ahead of Iowa who has dropped leaves on 41% of the soybean crop. Either way both states are double digits ahead of their five year averages. Kansas soybeans dropping leaves is now at 32% complete. That is ahead of the five year average of 19%.

Soybean condition like corn dropped this week across the country to 63% good to excellent. Down 2% from last week. Nebraska and Iowa soybeans though bucked the trend and increased 1% apiece to 64% and 48% good to excellent. Kansas soybeans remained unchanged on the week at 51% good to excellent. Illinois though outdid all these states again with their soybeans improving 3% to 71% good to excellent.

Poor mans corn or one of the hottest commodities currently for China is sorghum. 39% of the US sorghum crop has reached maturity. That is even with the five year average. In Nebraska sorghum maturity is 9% ahead of the five year average at 26%.

Sorghum condition seems to have more elasticity than corn or soybeans. Nationwide the sorghum crop is rated 52% good to excellent, up 3% from last week. Nebraska though saw a 14% increase in it’s sorghum condition rating to 71% good to excellent.

Last week’s rain helped to bring the pasture and range condition back around in Nebraska. Nebraska pasture and range improved from 25% good to excellent to 41% good to excellent this week. Kansas pasture and range remained unchanged week to week at 41% good to excellent.  Looking around the country West Virginia actually did nearly the opposite of Nebraska with their pasture and range condition falling 11% week to week at 67% good to excellent.

Topsoil and subsoil moisture both seem to benefit from last week’s moisture as well. Nebraska topsoil moisture improved 17% to 54% adequate to surplus. Kansas topsoil moisture improved 19% to 63% adequate to surplus. Subsoil moisture in Nebraska is now rated 47% adequate to surplus. An increase of 14% from last week. Kansas subsoil moisture improved 8% from last week to 60% adequate to surplus.

You can see the full report from NASS here:

https://downloads.usda.library.cornell.edu/usda-esmis/files/8336h188j/qr46rp789/2r36vm941/prog3820.pdf

Clay Patton breaks down the full report here:

 

 

Going into the end of August and first of September the US corn and soybean crop continue to decrease in condition. Overall crop maturity and growth continues to stay ahead of the five year average.

NASS starts the weekly report off with a call to small grain and swine producers. NASS is collecting final production numbers for small grains for an upcoming report. NASS is collecting summer farrowing numbers, current inventory and farrowing intentions for the September quarterly hog and pig report. Farmers can respond at http://www.nass.usda.gov/Publications

Back to the crop progress report the corn entering the dough stage is essentially complete across the country at 94%. That is just ahead of the five year average at 89%. Also ahead of their five year average is Iowa at 95%, Kansas 96% and Nebraska at 98% in the dough stage.

Corn hitting the dent stage is almost 2/3rds of the way done across the country at 63%. That is ahead of the five year average of 56%. Nebraska corn in the dent stage is 74%, 14% ahead of the five year average. Iowa and Kansas corn in the dent stage is tied at 71%. Both are well ahead of their respective five year average. Looking at year ago levels though Iowa is more than double where it was a year ago for corn in the dent stage. North Carolina is the farthest along for corn in the dent stage at 90%.

Corn entering into the final maturity stage is just getting started across the country at 12%, up from 5% last week. Iowa and Nebraska corn in the mature stage tied each other 11%. That is double both states five year average. Kansas is one of the few states actually behind their five year average in corn maturity at 18% vs. 20%.

The big number everyone was watching for in the report was corn condition which nationally fell 2% to 62% good to excellent. Nebraska corn also fell 2% to 64% good to excellent. Kansas and Iowa corn both fell 5% to 56% and 45% good to excellent respectively. Illinois corn is still one of the top corn crops in the country at 70% good to excellent, but that is down 2% from last week.

Switching gears to soybeans, 95% of the countries crop has set pods. Just ahead of the five year average of 93%. Kansas soybeans have set 87% of pods on the soybean crop. Nebraska soybeans are the third in the country to reach 100% on setting pods. Louisiana and Michigan were the first two states to reach 100%.

With soybeans almost fully set on pods that means leaves are starting to drop. The national rating for soybeans dropping leaves is right at the five year average and just double what it was a year ago at 8%. Kansas soybeans have dropped 8% of their leaves. Nebraska soybeans have dropped 16% of their leaves. A perfect 100% ahead of the 5 year average.

Soybean condition followed corn and fell 3% to 66% good to excellent. Nebraska soybeans remained unchanged week to week at 66% good to excellent. Kansas soybeans dropped 11% to 56% good to excellent. Iowa soybeans dropped 6% to 50% good to excellent. Illinois also has a strong soybean crop at 72% good to excellent.

Winter wheat harvest is considered complete across the country and is no longer in the crop progress report.

Sorghum continues to be a strong and ahead of schedule crop. Nationally 96% of the crop has headed out. Nebraska is the first states to reach 100% headed out. 58% of the national sorghum corp has reached color. Nebraska is just behind Texas with 60% of the crop colored. Unfortunately like corn and soybeans sorghum condition fell 4% to 50% good to excellent. Nebraska sorghum is rated 57% good to excellent.

Pasture and range condition continues to be impacted by dry conditions across the country. Iowa pasture is rated a slim 16% good to excellent. Kansas pasture is rated 44% good to excellent. Nebraska pasture is rated 23% good to excellent.

Topsoil moisture is also in short supply across the country. Nebraska topsoil moisture is rated 30% adequate to surplus. Kansas topsoil moisture is rated 47% adequate to surplus. Iowa topsoil is rated 19% adequate to surplus. New Mexico is still the direst in the country with a topsoil moisture rating of 91% short to very short.

Subsoil moisture follows topsoil with Nebraska rated 38% adequate to surplus. Iowa subsoil is dry at only 23% adequate to surplus. Kansas subsoil moisture is 55% adequate to surplus.

Check out the full report: https://downloads.usda.library.cornell.edu/usda-esmis/files/8336h188j/t722hz61w/8336hq98x/prog3620.pdf

Clay Patton recaps the full report here:

As expected by much of the agriculture industry Monday’s crop progress report from NASS showed a significant drop in Iowa crop conditions following the derecho wind event. The report also showed winter wheat harvest almost complete across the country and the state with the best rates range condition is in New England.

The report starts off with corn entering into the dough stage, which 76% of the countries corn crop has reached. That is still keeping pace ahead of the 5 year average at 69%. Nebraska corn in the dough stage is set at 88%. That is 16% higher than the 5 year average. Iowa and Kansas corn were both rated to have reached 81% in the dough stage. 4% and 9% ahead of their respective 5 year averages.

Corn entering into the dent stage across the country is now at 23%. That more than doubles the amount of corn in the country from last week in the dent growth stage. Nebraska corn is 29% in the dent stage up from the 5 year average of 20%. Iowa corn in the dent stage is rated 26%. That is 7% higher than the 5 year average. Kansas corn in the dent stage is rated at 40%.

The number that many were wanting to see was the national corn condition and it fell 2% to 69% good to excellent. Iowa corn condition fell 10% to 59% good to excellent. The sharp drop in condition comes after the big winds last week that damaged to some extent as much as 14 million acres. Kansas corn actually improved 1% to 63% good to excellent. Nebraska corn fell 5% from last week to 73% good to excellent.

The soybean crop has essentially finished blooming at 96% across the country. Nebraska joins Louisiana and Michigan at 100% bloomed. Iowa soybeans have reached 97% bloomed and Kansas soybeans have reached 90%.

Soybean setting pods across the country is considered 84% complete. That is up 5% from the 5 year average. Iowa and Nebraska are both tied at 90% setting pods. Kansas soybeans have set pods on 73% of the crop.

The national soybean condition rating reverted back to what it was just a few week ago, 72% good to excellent. Like corn Iowa soybeans took a big hit falling 8% from last week to 62% good to excellent. Kansas soybeans dipped to 69% good to excellent. Nebraska soybean condition fell 5% week to week to 76% good to excellent.

Sorghum is almost completely headed out in Nebraska at 95%. That is actually the most headed out sorghum in the country. Texas is a close second at 91%. Nationally 83% of the sorghum crop has headed out.

The national sorghum condition fell 1% to 67% good to excellent. Nebraska sorghum is now rated 71% good to excellent. That is an increase of 7% from last week.

Winter wheat harvest is almost to the finish line across the country at 93% complete. That is still 3% behind the 5 year average. Idaho and Montana are the still the biggest stragglers with only 60% of the winter wheat corp harvested.

Oat harvest continues to roll along and is almost 2/3rds done across the country. Nebraska is just behind Texas with 98% of the oat crop harvested.

Pasture and range condition continues in mixed fashion across the country. Nebraska and Kansas range is considered 55% good to excellent. Vermont actually has the highest rating of pasture and range condition in the country at 92% good to excellent. Of large states Florida has one of the best range conditions at 79% good to excellent.

Topsoil moisture continues to gain in Kansas at 76% adequate to surplus. Nebraska top soil is trying to hold it’s own at 53% adequate to surplus.

Subsoil moisture is a similar story with Kansas at 75% adequate to surplus and Nebraska subsoil moisture at 58% adequate to surplus.

See the full crop progress report here: https://downloads.usda.library.cornell.edu/usda-esmis/files/8336h188j/zc77tc78q/bv73cn80z/prog3420.pdf

Clay Patton has an audio recap of the report here: