Tag Archives: Planting

As expected in the October 11 crop progress report, harvest is racing ahead with dry weather across much of the country. The dry though is hindering emergence of winter wheat and quickly depleting topsoil and subsoil moisture.

Row crops have essentially hit the final stages of maturity with corn maturity reaching a national rating of 94%, 7% ahead of the five year average. Soybean dropping leaves is now rated 93% nationwide, 3% ahead of the five year average.

As for harvest national corn harvest jumped from 25% complete last week to 41% complete this week. That is 9% ahead of the five year average. In the state by state break down Nebraska has harvested 34% of the state’s corn and Kansas has harvested 63% of the states corn. Both jumped 10+% week to week and are well ahead of the five year average. Big I-states are quickly approaching the halfway mark on corn harvest with Illinois at 45%, Indiana 34%, and Iowa 42% corn harvested. Soybean harvest nationwide is 61% complete, 19% ahead of the five year average and up 23% from last week. Nebraska has harvested 82% of the state’s soybean crop. That more than doubles the five year average of 39% and almost quadruples year ago harvest levels which were just 24%. Kansas soybean harvest is 40% complete. That perfectly doubles the five year average. Big I-states soybean harvest continues to roll on with Illinois 56%, Indiana 52% and Iowa 78% complete. Finally sorghum harvest is keeping just ahead of the five year harvest with 49% of the national harvest complete. Nebraska has harvested 31% of the states sorghum. That is 8% ahead of the five year average.

Crop conditions deteriorated on the national scale this week with key states seeing a decent drop. Nationally corn is rated 61% good to excellent, down 1% from last week. Nebraska corn increased 2% week to week to 63% good to excellent. Kansas corn is unchanged week to week at 54% good to excellent. Iowa corn dropped 1% to 44% good to excellent. Illinois corn though saw an 8% drop to 68% good to excellent. The national soybean condition dropped 1% as well to 63% good to excellent. Nebraska soybeans were unchanged week to week at 63% good to excellent. Kansas soybeans increased 3% to 56% good to excellent. Iowa soybeans were unchanged week to week at 49% good to excellent. Illinois soybeans fell 9% to 66% good to excellent. Nationally sorghum dropped 1% to 50% good to excellent. Nebraska sorghum improved 8% to 68% good to excellent.

Winter wheat planting could possibly be finished in the next two weeks with the current pace being  set. Nationally 68% of the winter wheat crop is planted, 7% ahead of the five year average and up 16% from last week. In the state by state break down Colorado has the most winter wheat planted at 94%. Followed by Nebraska at 89%. South Dakota at 88% and Kansas was further away at 74% planted.

Dry conditions are slowing Nebraska winter wheat emergence, but nationwide 41% of the crop has emerged. That is 6% ahead of the five year average. Kansas has 50% of the winter wheat crop emerged, up 18% from the five year average. Nebraska has 60% of the winter wheat crop emerged, down 8% from the five year average.

Pasture and range conditions continue to drop week to week. Nebraska range dropped 2% to 36% good to excellent. Kansas pasture dropped 6% yo 32% good to excellent. Wyoming has some of the poorest range in the Midwest with only 1% being rated good and 0% excellent. Wyoming has 70% of the pasture and range rated poor to very poor.

Topsoil moisture in Kansas has taken large drops the last couple of weeks. Dropping 10% to 28% adequate to surplus this week. That is 23% drop in the last two weeks. Nebraska topsoil dropped 6% this week to 27% adequate to surplus. Dropping 13% over the last two weeks. Subsoil moisture in Kansas dropped 8% to 39% adequate to surplus. Nebraska subsoil dropped 4% to 34% adequate to surplus.

You can view the full report here:

https://downloads.usda.library.cornell.edu/usda-esmis/files/8336h188j/hd76sq359/pg15c454g/prog4220.pdf

Corteva warns farmers current drought conditions in the Corn Belt could cause herbicide carryover in 2021.

The concentration of herbicide remaining in the soil at next season’s planting may be too high if dry conditions persist. This will depend on herbicide chemical properties, soil characteristics and the weather, according to Pioneer Field Agronomist Bob Berkevich. Additionally, while this season’s crop may be well-suited to tolerating the herbicide used, a rotational crop may be susceptible to injury.

Emerging plants are more likely to show injury to residual herbicide levels if other stressors, such as compaction or cold, wet soils are also present. Berkevich says farmers cannot do much to change the concentration of herbicides present in the soil. But there are several steps they can take to help reduce the risk of carryover injury, such as reviewing spray records for each field to see what restrictions are indicated or even going so far as delaying planting.

The mid September crop progress report from NASS shows a substantial jump in moisture ratings from last week’s cool rain event. There is also a notable increase in pasture and range conditions due to the moisture. Aside from that the corn and soybean crop remain relatively unchanged and still well ahead of schedule when compared to the 5 year averages in most categories.

Starting at the top of the report which is now corn in the dent stage where 89% of the country has reached. That is 7% ahead of the five year average. Nebraska has reached 94% dent stage, Kansas has reached 91% and Iowa corn has reached 90% dent stage. All of those well ahead of their respective five year averages.

Corn maturity is also well ahead nationwide at 41%. The five year average is 32%. Iowa and Nebraska almost double their corn maturity five year averages at 48% & 49% respectively. Kansas on the other hand actually fell 1 % behind it’s five year average for corn maturity to 49% mature.

With that much of the corn crop already mature harvest is getting underway in several states. As an aggregate the national corn harvest is considered 5% complete. Right on track with the five year average. Texas of course is the furthest along with corn harvest at 67% complete. Nebraska has harvested 4% of the state’s corn crop that is 3% ahead of the five year average. Kansas though is again behind in corn harvesting with only 8% of the crop picked, 3% behind the five year average.

As the case has been for the last several week’s corn condition in the country continues to decline. Nationwide the corn crop is rated 60% good to excellent. Down 1% from last week. Nebraska and Iowa also dropped 1% to 61% and 42% good to excellent. Kansas corn increased 1% to 54% good to excellent. Illinois not to be outdone by Kansas increased 2% in the corn condition to 72% good to excellent.

Now to the soybean crop where 37% of the nations crop has dropped leaves. That is 6% ahead of the five year average. As for Nebraska 61% of the soybean crop has dropped leaves. That is perfectly 20% ahead of Iowa who has dropped leaves on 41% of the soybean crop. Either way both states are double digits ahead of their five year averages. Kansas soybeans dropping leaves is now at 32% complete. That is ahead of the five year average of 19%.

Soybean condition like corn dropped this week across the country to 63% good to excellent. Down 2% from last week. Nebraska and Iowa soybeans though bucked the trend and increased 1% apiece to 64% and 48% good to excellent. Kansas soybeans remained unchanged on the week at 51% good to excellent. Illinois though outdid all these states again with their soybeans improving 3% to 71% good to excellent.

Poor mans corn or one of the hottest commodities currently for China is sorghum. 39% of the US sorghum crop has reached maturity. That is even with the five year average. In Nebraska sorghum maturity is 9% ahead of the five year average at 26%.

Sorghum condition seems to have more elasticity than corn or soybeans. Nationwide the sorghum crop is rated 52% good to excellent, up 3% from last week. Nebraska though saw a 14% increase in it’s sorghum condition rating to 71% good to excellent.

Last week’s rain helped to bring the pasture and range condition back around in Nebraska. Nebraska pasture and range improved from 25% good to excellent to 41% good to excellent this week. Kansas pasture and range remained unchanged week to week at 41% good to excellent.  Looking around the country West Virginia actually did nearly the opposite of Nebraska with their pasture and range condition falling 11% week to week at 67% good to excellent.

Topsoil and subsoil moisture both seem to benefit from last week’s moisture as well. Nebraska topsoil moisture improved 17% to 54% adequate to surplus. Kansas topsoil moisture improved 19% to 63% adequate to surplus. Subsoil moisture in Nebraska is now rated 47% adequate to surplus. An increase of 14% from last week. Kansas subsoil moisture improved 8% from last week to 60% adequate to surplus.

You can see the full report from NASS here:

https://downloads.usda.library.cornell.edu/usda-esmis/files/8336h188j/qr46rp789/2r36vm941/prog3820.pdf

Clay Patton breaks down the full report here: