Tag Archives: Winter Wheat

The latest crop progress report shows the toll the hot, dog days of summer are bringing for crops, pastures and moisture conditions. Corn and soybean conditions continue to deteriorate for most states, but a select few were able to see weekly condition increases. Winter wheat harvest continues to move closer to the finish line as far Northern states starts the very first days of their winter wheat harvest.

Corn silking is the first segment of the latest crop progress report. Corn silking is also one of the first development stages to fall behind the 5 year average pace. Nationwide 29% of the corn crop has reached silking. That is 3% behind the 5 year average of 32%. Kansas is 1% ahead of the 5 year average at 47%. Nebraska is 10% behind the five year average at 19%. For the big I states Illinois is the farthest behind in corn silking at 36%. That is 16% behind the 5 year average.

July 13 is the first week to report corn entering the dough stage. Nationwide the corn crop is on pace with the 5 year average 3%. Nebraska is ahead on the dough stage at 1%. Kansas has outpaced the 5 year average at 9%. Texas has the most corn in the dough stage at 60%.

Corn condition dropped for most states, but Kansas improved 1% to 53% good to excellent. Nationwide the corn crop is rated 69% good to excellent. Down 2% from a week ago. Iowa’s corn crop is rated one of the best in the nation at 83% good to excellent, down 2% from last week. Nebraska corn dropped 4% week to week at 70% good to excellent.

Across the country 11% of the soybean crop has set pods. That is up 9% from a week ago. Nebraska soybeans have set pods on 13% of the crop. That is 9% ahead of the 5 year average. Kansas soybeans have set pods on 6% of the crop. Doubling the Kansas 5 year average for soybeans setting pods at 3%. Arkansas has the most pods set on their soybean crop according to NASS at 30%. That is actually down 14% from the five year average.

Soybean condition in the US according to NASS is 68% good to excellent, down 3% from a week ago. The national rating is still 14% ahead of a year ago. Nebraska soybeans dropped 3% to 73% good to excellent. Iowa soybeans dropped 1% to 83% good to excellent. Kansas was one of the few states to actually see an improvement week to week in their soybean condition to 59% good to excellent, that is up 2%.

Sorghum is starting to color up across the country and saw a signifcant drop in Nebraska condition rating. Nebraska sorghum was rated 53% good to excellent, down 15% from the previous week. Nationally sorghum is rated at 46% good to excellent, down 2% from last week and 28% lower than a year ago.

Winter wheat harvest is chugging steadily for the finish line at 68% complete nationally. Compared to a year ago that is 14% ahead and 2% ahead of the 5 year average. Nebraska is just at the half way mark, up 10% from a year ago. Meanwhile Kansas is just 5% away from join Oklahoma and Texas at 100% complete. Northern states like Idaho and Washington are just getting started with wheat harvest at 2% each.

Oat harvest is looking to be fast and furious in 2020. The first oat harvest report from NASS shows nationwide 12% of the oat crop is in the bin.  Nebraska is 30% complete, up 6% from the 5 year average. Texas has the most oats harvested at 95% complete.

Pasture and range condition continues to deteriorate across much of the country. Kansas again one of the few states to improve week to week at 41% good to excellent. That is up 1% from last week. Nebraska pasture saw a dramatic drop of 15% from lat week to just 48% good to excellent. Colorado pasture and range has more in the very poor to poor rating at 44% than it does in the good to excellent range at 23%.

Finally soil moisture was able to recharge just a little last week with the wide spread rains. Nebraska topsoil moisture gained 3% to 53% adequate to surplus. Kansas topsoil moisture also gained 3% to 55% adequate to surplus. California is giving New Mexico a run for it’s money for the driest top soil at 40% short to very short. New Mexico is still the driest top soil though at 44% short to very short.

Finally subsoil moisture follows a similar pattern. Kansas subsoil improved 1% to 55% adequate to surplus. Nebraska subsoil deteriorated 1% to 60% adequate to surplus. Wyoming is starting to see a drastic shift in subsoil moisture this week to 71% short to very short.

You can see the full crop progress report here:

https://downloads.usda.library.cornell.edu/usda-esmis/files/8336h188j/w6634r16g/cz30qf661/prog2920.pdf

Clay Patton has a full recap of the report here:

For the first full week of July corn and soybean ratings started to drop slightly across the nation.Corn silking is the first crop condition area we see that is actually behind the five year average. Winter wheat harvest is rolling along ahead of schedule in most states.  Top soil and subsoil moisture continue to be dry and dropping across the country.

NASS estimated that 71% of the corn crop was in good-to-excellent condition as of Sunday, July 5, down 2 percentage points from 73% the previous week but still well above 57% at the same time a year ago.

For corn Iowa and Minnesota set at the top of the pile with 85% good-to-excellent condition ratings. Pennsylvania stays a close second at 82% and Nebraska it towards the top at 74% good to excellent.  On the opposite end of the scale Michigan and Colorado have the highest percentage of corn rated very poor to poor, at 14% and 16%, respectively.

Up to this point in the growing year much of the crop progress has been well ahead of the five year average. Corn silking however continues to to run behind the five year average. NASS estimated that 10% of corn was silking, 6 percentage points behind the five-year average of 16%.

Soybean development, on the other hand, was near to slightly ahead of normal last week. Soybeans blooming was estimated at 31%, 7 percentage points ahead of the five-year average of 24%, while soybeans setting pods was estimated at 2%, near the five-year average of 4%.

Looking at the state by state break down Iowa is now 37% in bloom, Minnesota 43% and Nebraska 41%. All these ratings are well ahead of their respective 5 year average.

The national soybean condition rating came in the same as the corn crop: 71% good to excellent nationwide. That was unchanged from the previous week and still well ahead of 53% at the same time last year. Iowa was 84% good to excellent, along with Minnesota 83% , Wisconsin 79% and Nebraska 76% .

Meanwhile, winter wheat harvest moved ahead 15 percentage points last week to reach 56% complete as of Sunday, 1 percentage point ahead of the five-year average of 55%.

Harvest in Kansas in 80% complete, Illinois is 81% and Missouri is at 84% finished,. Nebraska winter wheat is 16% harvested, and South Dakota has not started yet.

Winter wheat condition — for the portion of the crop still in fields — was rated 51% good to excellent, down 1 percentage point from 52% from the previous week. Sixty-one percent of North Dakota’s winter wheat crop was rated good-to-excellent.

View the full report here: https://downloads.usda.library.cornell.edu/usda-esmis/files/8336h188j/c247fd92b/1g05g1123/prog2820.pdf

Clay Patton breaks down the full report here:

Following hot and dry conditions mixed rain showers were welcomed by farmers across the Midwest this past weekend. That helped to bring around the corn and soybean conditions from the previous week. Winter wheat harvest was able to keep pace with the 5 year average. Topsoil moisture was also able to increase in several states that were starting to become pretty dry.

Corn planting and emergence is considered complete across the country. That means that corn is now in or nearly in the silking stage. According to NASS 2% of the national corn crop is silking. That is on pace with the five year average. Kansas has 3% silking. Which is about 3% from the five year average. Nebraska has yet to see any corn enter the silking stage. Texas has the most corn silking at 55%. That is 5% ahead of the five year average.

As for the national corn condition it improved 1% week to week to 72% good to excellent. Nebraska corn improved 3% to 74% good to excellent. Kansas corn remained unchanged to 54% good to excellent. Pennsylvania continues to have one of the best corn crops at 88% good to excellent.

Soybeans have yet to complete the planting or emergence stage. That means they are still reported by NASS. Soybean planting is considered 96% complete up 3% from last week. Just 4 states have yet to hit the 90% and above planting completion. Kansas has 95% of the soybeans planted. That is 8% ahead of the 5 year average. Nebraska completed soybean planting last week.

Soybean emergence is 4% ahead of the five year average nationally at 89%. Iowa and Nebraska are both considered 96% emerged. That is 5-6% ahead of the five year average. Kansas is 15% ahead of the five year average at 86% emerged.

5% of the soybean crop nationally is considered to have entered the blooming stage. That is on pace with the five year average. Nebraska has 16% of the soybean crop blooming, up 13% from the five year average. Kansas is right at the five year average for 1%. Louisana has the most soybeans blooming at 55%.

Nationally soybeans are considered 70% good to excellent. That is down 2% from the previous week. Iowa has one of the strongest soybean crops at 84% good to excellent, up 2% from the previous week. Kansas improved 4% to 68% good to excellent. Nebraska soybeans dropped 1% to 77% good to excellent.

Winter wheat is almost completely headed at 96% nationally. That is just 1% behind the five year average. Kansas is now officially 100% headed out.  That is even with the five year average. Nebraska saw 11% of the winter wheat crop head out since last week to 96%. That is still 2% from the five year average. Montana and Michigan are the only 2 states that have not reached 90% or better headed out for winter wheat.

Winter wheat harvest continues across the country now considered 29% complete, up 14% from the previous week and 16% from a year ago. It is also 3% ahead of the five year average. Nebraska has yet to start winter wheat harvest. Kansas has harvested 25% of the winter wheat crop. That is up 16% from last week and 1% ahead of the five year average.

Nationally the winter wheat crop continues on a roller coaster of condition. Nationally the crop improved 2% to 52% good to excellent. Kansas winter wheat dropped 1% to 44% good to excellent. Nebraska increased 19%, after dropping 23% last week, to 62% good to excellent. Colorado winter wheat dropped 2% to 29% good to excellent. 37% of the crop is considered poor to very poor.

Spring wheat decreased in condition week to week at 75% good to excellent. That is down from 81% good to excellent.

Pasture and range land also benefited from the weekend rains. Nebraska pasture improved 5% to 71% good to excellent. Kansas improved 1% to 50% good to excellent. Colorado pasture is still dry with 0% in the excellent category and 26% in the good category. Colorado has the third highest very poor to poor rating at 48%. California (55% p-vp) and New Mexico (59% p-vp) are number one and two.

Topsoil moisture was able to recharge in Kansas up 14% to 61% adequate to surplus. Nebraska remained unchanged to 62% adequate to surplus. Subsoil moisture was also able to improve in Kansas up 4% to 63% adequate to surplus. Nebraska subsoil moisture improved 1% to 75% adequate to surplus.

Find the full crop progress report here: https://downloads.usda.library.cornell.edu/usda-esmis/files/8336h188j/w9505n13w/8910kf14z/prog2620.pdf  

Clay Patton has the full report information as a podcast

 

The second crop progress report for June shows a fairly healthy corn and soybean crop. Winter wheat harvest is on pace. The recent heat and wind dropped moisture levels significantly in Midwestern states.

Corn planting has leveled near the 100%-mark. Nationally, corn planting is rated 97% complete – a far cry from where it was a year ago at 78%.  All states but North Dakota (87% planted) are now above the 90% area for corn planting. The heat has spurred corn emergence on as well. Nationally 89% of the corn is emerged. That is 5% ahead of the five year average and 32% ahead of the emergence in 2019. Nebraska currently sits at 95% emergence. Kansas emergence is at 86% and North Dakota emergence is at 52%.

Despite the heat and wind the corn condition increased 1% to 75% good to excellent nationally. That is well above the 59% good to excellent it was rated just a year ago. Kansas corn is rated 60% good to excellent. Nebraska corn is rated 83% good  to excellent. That sounds strong, but Pennsylvania still stands at the top with 90% of the crop rated good to excellent and the last 10% rated at fair.

Further ahead of last year’s corn planting is soybean planting. Nationally 86% of the soybean crop has been planted. That is 32%  more planted than in 2019. Nebraska has 98% of it’s soybeans planted. Iowa is 1% behind at 97%. Kansas is 79% planted – 24% ahead of the 5 year average.

Soybean emergence is just ahead of the 5 year pace nationally at 67%. Nebraska has 85% soybean emergence, compared to 68% on the 5 year average. Iowa is a perfect 20% ahead of the 5 year average at 87%. Kansas soybeans are 59% emerged ahead of the five year average of 37%.

Soybean condition will also improve week to week. Nationally the soybean crop is rated at 72% good to excellent, up 2%. Iowa is rated at 82% good to excellent up 1% from the previous report. Kansas is rated 67% good to excellent down 1% from the previous report.  Nebraska is rated 82% good to excellent, unchanged from the previous report.

Sorghum planting is rolling right along, but not quite like corn and soybeans. Nationally, 64% of the crop is planted – just 4% ahead of the five year average. Nebraska is 93% planted, the furthest of any state. Kansas is 51% planted.

Sorghum condition nationally dropped 9% to 55% good to excellent. Nebraska sorghum was rated 90% good to excellent. Kansas sorghum was rated 52% good to excellent.

Winter wheat continues to head out a slightly sluggish pace. Nationally winter wheat heading out is 3% behind the 5 year average at 85%. Kansas is equal with their five year average at 98% headed out. Nebraska is 15% behind the five year average with only 67% of the winter wheat crop headed out currently. With heading out behind schedule winter wheat harvest is right on schedule. Nationally, winter wheat harvest more than doubled week to week at 7% complete. Kansas and Nebraska have yet to roll a combine. Texas has harvested 53% of their winter wheat. Oklahoma has harvested 19% of their winter wheat crop.

Winter wheat condition nationally stayed the same week to week at 51% good to excellent. Nebraska improved 2% at 66% good to excellent. Kansas remained unchanged week to week at 42% good excellent. Colorado was able to improve 1% week to week at 32% good to excellent.

Pasture and range condition is starting to drop as a result of the heat. Nebraska range is rated at 72% good to excellent. Kansas is rated 55% good to excellent. Colorado has 0% of their range rated excellent. 39% is considered poor to very poor. California pasture and range covers both extremes. 40% is rated good to excellent. 50% is rated at poor to very poor.

Topsoil moisture saw double digit drops week to week. Kansas topsoil moisture dropped 13% to 62% adequate to surplus. Nebraska topsoil moisture dropped 11% to 78% adequate to surplus. Subsoil moisture decreased, but not at the rate of topsoil. Kansas subsoil moisture dropped 7% to 68% adequate to surplus. Nebraska subsoil moisture dropped 3% to 86% adequate to surplus.

You can see the entire crop progress report here: https://downloads.usda.library.cornell.edu/usda-esmis/files/8336h188j/2b88r072q/5712mt01c/prog2420.pdf

Clay Patton breaks down the whole report here:

As the heat of June starts to roll in planting is essentially done in several states and emergence continues well ahead of the five year average. With planting and emergence looking solid the first corn and soybean condition reports are also strong. Winter wheat continues to head out in the warm weather. Harvest is just getting started in Southern states like Texas. Pasture and range condition is mixed on the high plains with some states dropping and other picking up due to recent weather patterns. Topsoil moisture across the board looks to drop week to week. While subsoil moisture stays unchanged to slightly better week to week.

We start in the corn planting with the nation now 93% complete. That is 4% ahead of the five year average. So the basis between the five year and this year has quickly narrowed at the end of planting season. Nebraska is now staring across the finish line of corn planting at 99%. That is 5% ahead of the five year average. Kansas is also nearing the finish line at 92% planted. 4% ahead of the five year average. North Dakota jumped 21% week to week in corn planting, but is still just 75% complete. 15% behind it’s five year average.

With high pressure and warm air building across the plains emergence is strong for corn and soybeans. Nationally corn emergence is rated at 78%. 5% ahead of the five year average. Nebraska corn is 88% emerged. 9% ahead of the five year average. Kansas is 74% emerged just 1% ahead of the five year average. While North Dakota really jumped week to week in planting emergence is still sluggish at 26% almost half of the five year average at 57%.

The second week of corn condition ratings showed an improvement of 4% nationally to 74% good to excellent. Nebraska remained unchanged at 82% good to excellent. Kansas corn improved 4% to 67% good to excellent.

Switching from corn to soybeans. Soybean planting nationally is now rated 75% complete ahead of the five year average of 68%. Nebraska has just 5% of it’s soybean acres left to plant (95% planted). That is well ahead of the five year average of 78%. Kansas has planted 62% of it’s soybean crop. That will make Kansas 18% ahead of their five year average for soybean planting. Iowa also continues to roll on soybean planting with 95% of their soybeans planted. 20% ahead of the five year average.

Soybean emergence is also strong in the warming trend of June. Nationally 52% of soybeans have emerged. That compares to the five year average of 44%. Nebraska has seen 73% of it’s soybean acres emerge. That almost doubles the Nebraska five year average of 47%. Kansas has stayed 20% ahead of it’s five year average with 46% of Kansas soybeans now emerged. Finally Iowa is currently at 78% soybean emergence. Well ahead of the five year average of 48%.

June 1 marks the first soybean condition rating. The nation is starting off strong at 70% good to excellent. Nebraska is better at 82% good to excellent. Kansas is currently 68% good to excellent. Iowa has one of the best soybean crops in the nation at 81% good to excellent.

From the corn belt we head to the winter wheat belt. Winter wheat continues to head out just  behind the five year average pace. Nationally 77% of the winter wheat crop has  headed out. That is 6% behind the five year average. Kansas currently sits at 94% headed out almost with it’s five year average of 96%. Nebraska is well away from it’s five year average with only 41% of the winter wheat crop headed out. Nebraska is typically closer to 61% headed out this time of year.

With states like Texas already 100% headed out, combines are starting to roll. Nationally 3% of the winter wheat crop has been harvested. That is 1% ahead of the five year average. Nebraska and Kansas have yet to officially start harvest. Texas is ahead of schedule with 32% of the winter wheat already cut. That is 11% ahead of the five year average for Texas winter wheat harvest.

Winter wheat quality dropped 3% nationally this week to 51% good to excellent. Nebraska dropped 6% at 64% good to excellent. Kansas increased 2% to 42% good to excellent. Colorado still struggles with it’s winter wheat quality. Only 31% of the crop is rated good to excellent. 28% is rated fair, 21% poor and 20% very poor.M

Moving over to pasture and range condition. Nebraska range decreased 4% in quality week to week to 78% good to excellent. Kansas increased 2% in range quality at 58% good to excellent.

Topsoil moisture is quickly evaporating as rain clouds get replaced with blue skies and sunshine. Nebraska top soil moisture for the week of June 1 is rated at 89% adequate to surplus. Down 2% week to week. Kasnas topsoil moisture is rated at 75% adequate to surplus. Also down 2% week to week. Subsoil moisture for Nebraska will remain unchanged week to week at 89% adequate to surplus. Kansas subsoil moisture will increase 1% to 77% adequate to surplus.

You can see the entire crop progress report here: https://downloads.usda.library.cornell.edu/usda-esmis/files/8336h188j/m039kr87h/4j03dk14k/prog2320.pdf

Clay Patton recaps the latest crop progress numberes: